Ethical and Biopsychosocial Implications in Posttraumatic Stress Syndrome

Dana Damir, Elena Toader

Abstract


Posttraumatic stress disorder has been very frequently tackled lately, not only in the medical world but also by psychologists and sociologists, as it is a very complex condition, which is still being deciphered today and the definition of which, proposed by the Institute of Psychotraumatology of la Frieburg, has been continuously adjusted due to the high number of research findings and medical observations. Is trauma an event or a feeling? The name of posttraumatic stress disorder would plead for a definition according to which it is an event that has already ended when the disorder starts to manifest itself. The disorder follows the trauma. Trauma has an objective and a subjective side, and hence requires a dialectic approach. It is an ecopsychological approach of the issue, which defines psychological trauma from an ecologically dialectic viewpoint, by combining the two approaches.

The therapeutic approach principles rely on the fact that a dangerous feed-back cycle occurs among the traumatizing environmental factors (environmental), emotional responses, bodily sensations and moods (endogenous), as well as thoughts, menesic representations and images (encephalic), which cycle requires therapeutic measures to be broken.


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