Ruxandra Viorica Stanculescu, Eugenia Panaitescu



The aim of our study is to analyze the outcome of teenager pregnancies in order to verify if  the hypothesis that younger teenagers have a higher obstetrical risk at delivery is still available for Romanian teenager pregnancies and to offer new perspectives for the development of health  care policies with outstanding socioeconomic impact.

 Material and methods The retrospective study includes 963 births with teenager mothers booked at the Obstetrics Department of  “St.Pantelimon” Hospital Bucharest between 1st of January 2008 and 31st of December 2012. Teenagers have been classified by age in younger teenagers (13 –16 years) and older teenagers (17 –19 years old) and were statistically compared  as concerns obstetrical characteristics at delivery. The statistical data was processed with SPSS15 version software.


Teenagers represent 11.12% of all booked pregnancies. From  teenager pregnancies 23.4% belong to younger group, 13-16 years. No significant statistical difference  was observed among the groups.


Romanian younger teenager pregnancies don’t have supplemental obstetrical risks. An improvement of   national social-integration programs must be performed. The high percentage of teenager pregnancies  is generating many ethics problems not so much medical issues as socio-economic problems.  The major concern stands for who assumes the responsibility for the welfare  of  younger mothers and their newborns and what are the ways to get a professional qualification which allows teens to  integrate in society? From the point of view of new demographics world perspectives the cultural and moral habits must be sustained by the laws which should be conceived by politicians. 

Full Text:



. UNICEF “A league table of teenage births in rich nations” Innocenti Research

Centre Florence, Italy 2001

. Alan Guttmacher Institute “Risks and realities of early childbearing” Alan

Guttmacher Institute 2000

. Imamura M, Tucker J, Hannaford P, et al. “Factors associated with teenage

pregnancy in the European Union countries: a systematic review” Eur. J Public

Health 2007, 17 : 630 - 636

. Langille DB, “Teenage pregnancy: trends, contributing factors and the

physician’s role” Can Med Assoc J 2007, 176. 1601-1602

. Lawlor DA, Shaw M “Too much too young? Teenage pregnancy is not a public

health problem” Int J Epidemiol 2002, 31 552-554

. Sylvia Kirchengast “Teenage- Pregnancies- A Biomedical and Sociocultural

Approach to a Current Problem” Current Women’s Health Reviews, 2009, 5, 1-7

. Were M “Determinants of teenage pregnancies The case of Busia District in

Kenya” Econ Hum Biol 2007; 5: 322-339

. Clavel-Chapelon F. E3N-EPIC group. “Evolution of age at menarche and onset of

regular cycling in a large cohort of French women” Hum Reprod 2002; 17:228-

. Scholl TO, Hediger ML, Schall Ji, Khoo CS, Fischer RL “Maternal growth during

pregnancy and the competition for nutrients” Am J Clin Nutr 1994; 60:183-188

. Kaisa Raatikainen, Nonna Heiskanen, Pia K. Verkasalo, Seppo Heinonen “Good

outcome of teenage pregnancies in high-quality maternity care” European Journal

of Public Health 2005 vol 16 N0.2, 157-162

. Mayor S. “Pregnancy and childbirth are leading causes of death in teenage girls

in developing countries” BMJ 2004; 328:1152

. Moultrie TA, McGrath N “Teenage Fertility falling in South Africa”, SA Med J

; 97:442-443

. “Outcomes of Adolescent Pregnancy at Kathmandu University

Hospital”, Dhulikhel Hospital, KAvre Kathmandu Univ Med J 2011; 33(1)50-3

. Pikee Saxena, S.Salhan, B. Chattopadhyay, M.P.S. Kohli, D.Nandan, S.V.

Adhish “Obstetric and perinatal outcome of teenage and older primigravidas- a

retrospective analysis” Health and Population: Perspectives and Issues 2010

Vol.33(1), 16-22

. Iolanda Blidaru, Monica Mictariu, Laura Mosneagu, Alina Luchian “ Delivery in

the Adolescent Women" nr 1/ March 2007.vol 3 pag 30 - 33.

. Tsai Y.F. and Wong T.K. “Strategies for resolving aboriginal adolescent

pregnancy in eastern Taiwan” Journal of Advanced Nursing 2003; 41 [4], pp


. Limmer M “Keeping the needs of teenage parents at the heart of services” The

Journal of The Royal Society for the promotion of Health 2005; 125 [5], pp

. Elio Sgreccia “Bioethique general et Methodologie” Discours de Cloture Congres

Erice (Italy) 1991

. Aluaş, Maria “Bioetica în dezbaterea contemporană: istorie şi interpretări”

Studia Universitatis Babes-Bolyai – Bioethica, LVI, 1, 2011, pp. 39-58


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Comments on this article

View all comments

Copyright (c) 2015