Altruisme as a social phenomenon

Oana Stanga, Catalin Iov

Abstract


Education, culture, religion and ethics are four altruism-based concepts. We often use the concept of altruism in a non-conscious way and without defining it. It is a measure of our power in connecting to a social group. It is something that we achieve by learning or something that belongs to us as human beings, social beings or it is the necessity to live within a group.. We all have a complementary dualism altruism-egoism. We have different doses of these characteristics in our personalities as we realize that we are unique structures. We give or receive something based on universal principles, based on our own principles or based on reasons depending on how we understand life (a result of some ethical principles connected with the basic reason of education). According to the second principle of physics, an action implies a reaction. Altruism is often the Achilles? heel for the users. It makes the human being vulnerable in such a way that, justified or not, the essence of attitude for the neighbor sometimes disappears. We are capable of altruism when the environment allows it. The approach of the issues is often subject of ethical conflicts. Trying to learn more about altruism, we become conscious of the level of its complexity and we have difficulties in understanding its essence. Many times, the existence of altruism as a social phenomenon is subject to many questions. We are trying to identify the rate egoism-altruism in our good deeds. An aim can be identified, almost in all the cases. Without material benefits, the psychical comfort becomes an aim desired by the altruists. This aim decreases the value of the altruistic act. Others make altruistic acts by egoism as well. Is the doctor a representative of the universal altruism, based on the old Hippocratic oath?


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